What Are the Major Challenges Faced by the Taliban After Their Swift Takeover of Kabul?

Following its sweeping offensive and rapid capture of the Afghanistan capital of Kabul, the Taliban* is facing a whole set of domestic and international issues which they need to resolve to gain international recognition, says Pakistani political analyst Sabtain Ahmed Dar.

On 19 August, the Taliban* declared the formation of the “Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan” which coincided with the 102nd anniversary of the country’s independence from the British Empire. The movement picked the same name it used when it ruled the country between 1996 and 2001, being recognised at that time by Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Turkmenistan.

Taliban Facing Challenges on Path to Forming New State

Dar outlines three major reasons behind the latest developments: the “incompetence of the US-installed Kabul regime, who plundered the wealth of Afghanistan and subsequently failed to provide basic rights to the Afghan people”; the “inefficiency of the Afghan National Army (ANA)” which failed to resist the Taliban; and the Afghan people’s concerns that the country would be dragged in a new circle of civil war if they fought the insurgent group.

While the Taliban has announced the formation of the new state, it still faces a number of challenges, according to the Pakistani analyst.

First, the Taliban is poised to have the lion’s share in the new government; however it will have to deliver on its promise to allow the representation of all major Afghan groups to govern the…

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