Galwan Valley: A year after the violent clash

On June 15 last year, Ladakh’s Galwan Valley witnessed a violent clash between the Armies of India and China. The clash, in which 20 Indian soldiers were killed, was one of the worst in 45 years, and led to a military standoff with China and at least 11 rounds of military talks for the disengagement process.

What happened on June 15, 2020?

Tensions had been high at the Line of Actual Control (LAC) weeks before the clash, with both sides deploying an increased number of soldiers at the border. India contended that China had moved into the Indian side of the LAC . Talks held between local military commanders of both the armies on June 6, led to a mutually-agreed disengagement process.

A buffer zone was to be created between the two armies, however, an Indian commander noticed a Chinese camp in the area and went to inspect. This escalated into a fight, resulting in deaths and injuries. While no shots were fired, a year-end review by the Defence Ministry states that China used “unorthodox weapons” at Galwan.

In February 2021, China acknowledged for the first time that five Chinese military officers and soldiers were killed in the eastern Ladakh clash.

Indian army soldiers rest next to artillery guns at a makeshift transit camp before heading to Ladakh, near Baltal, southeast of Srinagar, June 16, 2020. (Source: Reuters)

A series of military talks end in stalemate

A meeting at the level of Major Generals of both armies took place at the Patrolling Point…

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