British ground forces would be “comprehensively outgunned” in a conflict with Russia in Eastern Europe, according to a defence think-tank.
Research by the Royal United Services Institute (Rusi) found that the Army, as well as Nato allies, has a “critical shortage” of artillery and ammunition.
It concluded that it could not maintain a credible defence position.
The Ministry of Defence (MoD) said the UK works closely with Nato and is “well equipped to take on a leading role”.
The research comes ahead of a meeting of Nato leaders in London next week to mark the 70th anniversary of the alliance.
The UK, along with other Nato members, has positioned military forces in Eastern Europe to deter any potential Russian aggression in the wake of Moscow’s annexation of Crimea in 2014.
Around 800 British troops are currently stationed in Estonia. The first were sent in 2017.
It analysed military capabilities in the “unlikely” context of “a high-intensity conflict between Nato and Russia, in which the UK has promised to deliver a warfighting division”.
“At present, there is a risk that the UK – unable to credibly fight – can be dominated lower down the escalation ladder by powers threatening escalation,” the report…