For nearly three months now, the Line of Control (LoC) between India and Pakistan has seen a sharp decline in the intensity of ceasefire violations, with use of high calibre weapons, including artillery guns, coming to a halt. Government officials suggest that it is due to “induced behavioural change” in the Pakistan Army, following the Balakot air strike by the Indian Air Force.
Even though the number of ceasefire violations have only come down from 267 in March to 181 in June, the bigger shift has been in the way both sides have chosen to desist from any “calibre escalation”. Calibre escalation refers to incremental use of weapons of higher calibre to respond to a ceasefire violation — a small arms fire being responded by a mortar, which can then lead to use of Anti Tank Guided Missiles and eventually artillery guns.
“We can say that there has been a reduction in ceasefire violations and calibre escalations have stopped since April. This has happened after Balakot (air strike), and it is an induced behavioural change,” a top government official told The Indian Express.
The first few months of the year had seen exceptionally high intensity of activity on the LoC, with both sides resorting to frequent use of artillery guns to target the…