The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) had 42 operational squadrons overseas on D-Day—June 6, 1944.
These 42 also included a Home War Establishment unit, 162 Squadron, which operated Canso aircraft; it had been “loaned” to Royal Air Force (RAF) Coastal Command. Of these 42 squadrons, 39 have the “Normandy” Battle Honour, meaning that they took part in combat operations either on D-Day or during the subsequent campaign.
Hundreds of Canadian aircraft were in the air on D-Day and thousands of RCAF men and women served in Canadian or other Commonwealth units. Of the 23 Canadian airmen who were killed on D-Day, seven served with RCAF squadrons. The remainder served with RAF squadrons and units.
Canadian squadrons in the air on D-Day
|400||2 Tactical Air Force/83 Group||Odiham, Hampshire||Mosquito Mk XVI, Spitfire Mk XI||Borden, Ont.|
|401||2 Tactical Air Force/83 Group||Tangmere, Sussex||Spitfire Mk IXB||Cold Lake, Alta.|
|402||2 Tactical Air Force/83 Group||Horne, Yorkshire||Spitfire Mk IXB||Winnipeg, Man.|
|403||2 Tactical Air Force/19 Group||Tangmere, Sussex||Spitfire Mk XVI||Gagetown, N.B.|
|404||Coastal Command/19 Group||Davidstow Moor, Cornwall||Beaufighter Mk XC||Greenwood, N.S.|
|405||Bomber Command/8 (Pathfinder) Group||Gransden Lodge, Cambridgeshire||Lancaster Mk I/III||Greenwood, N.S.|
|406||Air Defence of Great Britain/10 Group||Winkleigh, Devon||Mosquito Mk XIII||Shearwater, N.S.|
|407||Coastal Command/19 Group||Chievenor, Devon|