How prevalent is far-right extremism?

The shootings at two mosques in New Zealand, which left 50 people dead and dozens wounded, have led to renewed questions about the extent of far-right extremism.

The British security minister has said it is “perfectly possible” a far-right attack could happen in the UK and has raised concerns about the radicalisation of individuals online.

So, how widespread is this form of violent extremism?

Australia and New Zealand

Before the latest attack, both New Zealand and Australia said their main security risk was from Islamist terrorism.

And New Zealand’s Security Intelligence Service’s most recent annual report makes no reference to far-right extremism.

A report in 2017 by Australia’s Security Intelligence Organisation says that although the country “experiences low levels of communal violence”, one person was charged with far-right terrorism in 2016.

The report did not dismiss the possibility of attacks but stated that any attacks by far-right extremists would “probably target the Muslim or left-wing community, be low-capability, and be more likely to be perpetrated by a lone actor or small group on the periphery of organised groups”.

European far-right extremism

Europol, the European Union’s law enforcement agency, recorded five right-wing terror plots in 2017, all of which were in the UK.

This was out of a total of 205 potential or successful attacks recorded by…

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