A collection of gold coins and a single gold earring believed to have been hidden some 900 years ago have been discovered by archaeologists in the ancient Israeli port city of Caesarea.
The cache of gold coins and the earring were found in a bronze pot, which was lodged between two stones in the side of a well that was part of a house dating back to the Abbasid and Fatimid periods (909-1171 CE).
The coins and earring were most likely hidden just before the Crusaders (who were part of a series of religious wars sanctioned by the Latin Church in the medieval period) conquered Caesarea in the year 1101, according to the israel Antiquities Authority.
Archaeologists speculate that the owner of the coins and earring may have died when the most of the city’s inhabitants were massacred by Baldwin I’s crusader army between 1100 and 1118 CE.
Baldwin I, also known as Baldwin of Boulogne, was the second crusader ruler and first king of Jerusalem from 1100 until his death in 1118.
“The cache is a silent testimony to one of the most dramatic events in the history of Caesarea: the violent conquest of the city by the Crusaders,” archaeologists from the israel Antiquities Authority recently told BBC.
“It is reasonable to assume that the treasure’s owner and his family perished in the massacre or were sold into slavery, and therefore were not able to retrieve their gold,” the directors of the…