Bosnian Elections: Referendum on Neutrality

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This Sunday’s general elections in Bosnia can be seen as a referendum on whether the sharply divided Balkan state will remain neutral or move forward with its plans to join Western institutions.

They’re very important because voters will choose their regional and national legislatures and presidencies through a very complex system that was created in 1995 after the Dayton Agreement. The central government officially wants to become a member of the EU and NATO, but it can’t do so without the support of the highly autonomous Republika Srpska that forms its second constituent half.

Regional leader Milorad Dodik is opposed to joining the military alliance that bombed his part of the country in the mid-1990s but is more measured when it comes to the economic union, though he’ll only allow the country to take steps in that direction so long as they don’t lead to any infringements on Republika Srpska’s sovereignty, which he accuses Sarajevo of trying to illegally carry out over the past couple of years. Adding a touch of international drama to these elections is that Dodik accused the US and the UK of funding local opposition groups, a claim that was also repeated by Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic.

Dodik is known as a fierce defender of Serbian rights in Bosnia, so much so that he even at times flirts with the idea of secession whenever his people aren’t treated fairly by the federal…

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