Tehran has reportedly indicated its response to the US designating the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corp (IRGC) as a terrorist group will be “crushing” – but while it’s questionable whether the IRGC fits the definition of a terrorist group, the US’ history of terror designation suggests its requirements are vastly arbitrary.
“We are hopeful that the United States does not make this strategic mistake. If they do, Iran’s reaction would be firm, decisive and crushing and the United States should bear all its consequences,” Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesperson Bahram Qasemi told state news agency IRNA.
Fighting ‘Deviant Movements’
The IRGC was founded after 1979 Revolution. Whereas Iran’s regular military (or Artesh) defends the country’s borders and maintains internal order, the Revolutionary Guard is intended to protect the country’s Islamic Republic system, preventing foreign interference, coups by the military or destabilization by “deviant movements” (internal groups, individuals and elements opposed to the government).
The Corps has roughly 125,000 military personnel including ground, aerospace and naval forces, with the latter now the primary forces tasked with operational control of the Persian Gulf. It also controls the paramilitary Basij militia which has about 90,000 active personnel.
Individuals and entities associated with the IRGC are already on the US list of foreign terrorist organizations, but the organization as a whole is not.
Tehran has made clear such a move, and/or further sanctions, would end chances for future dialogue with the US, and Washington would be compelled to move their regional bases outside the 2,000 km range of IRGC’s missiles.
‘Totally Inappropriate Things’
Qasemi also denied President Donald Trump’s accusations Iran had cooperated with North Korea, on “things that are totally inappropriate,” calling them “baseless.”
Trump has taken a considerably aggressive stance on Iran since taking office, using his first speech to the United Nations General Assembly in September to call the Islamic republic a “corrupt dictatorship,” and the nuclear deal negotiated by his predecessor Barack Obama “an embarrassment.”
The President imposed sanctions in July on 18 entities and people for supporting the IRGC in developing drones and military equipment, over what he alleges are the Corps’ “malign activities” across the Middle East.
The next month, Trump approved the “Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act” which imposed fresh sanctions on Iran for its ballistic missile program, and North Korea for its nuclear weapons development.
One Government’s Terrorist…
Whatever the truth of the IRGC’s activities, what isn’t up for debate is the elasticity of the US Government’s official terrorism designation lists.
For instance, in the early 1980s, Iraq (then-aligned with the Soviet Union) was placed on Washington’s official “terror state” list, before being removed when officials began arming Saddam Hussein’s government in its war with Iran, before being replaced again following Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait.
Iraq’s activities during its period off the list — when it was armed and supported by the US government — formed part of the justification for the subsequent US-led Gulf War.
Washington’s approach to designating terrorist groups also appears somewhat fickle. For example, Iranian dissident group Mujahedin-e Khalq (MEK) was between 1997-2012 formally designated as a “foreign terrorist organization.” When the George W. Bush administration sought to justify the 2003 Iraq war, it accused Hussein’s government of being a sponsor of “international terrorism” — one of its prime examples was Iraq’s “sheltering” of the MEK.
However, in the wake of the Iraq war,…